Geography of the Maldives

Geography of the Maldives

Maldives, called as the ‘Tropical Paradise’ is a dream place for all travelers. The beauty of Maldives is unique. Maldives has islands separated by sea and each island has beautiful white sandy beaches. 99 % of Maldives is covered by the sea.

The natural beauty of Maldives lies in the sea, five thousand coral reefs and plenty of reef fish, corals , marine mammals and a wide variety of marine life. Exploring the beauty of Maldives will definitely be the unforgettable experience of your life.

Maldives geography constitutes its location, climate, land forms, vegetation and wildlife. Maldives is a country of South Asia, situated in the Indian Ocean. Maldives is located to the south-southwest of India.

Maldives consists of approximately 1,190 coral islands grouped in a double chain of 26 atolls, spread over roughly 90,000 square kilometers. These atolls are spread over 90000 square kilometers.

Atolls in the Maldives are formed from coral structures. The atolls are part of a greater structure known as the Laccadives-Chagos Ridge, which stretches over 2000 kilometers.

The islands are low lying. The highest point is approximately eight feet above the sea level. Ring-shaped reef structures form the atolls. These reefs provide the natural defense against wind and wave action on these delicate islands.

For administrative purposes the Maldives government organized the 26 atolls into nineteen administrative divisions. The geographic coordinates of Maldives is 3°15′N 73°00′E.

The temperature of Maldives ranges between 24 and 33 °C throughout the year. Although it’s a place with high humidity the constant sea breezes help to keep the air moving.

Two seasons dominated in Maldives are the dry season associated with the winter northeast monsoon and the rainy season brought by the summer southwest monsoon.

The tropical vegetation of Maldives comprises groves of breadfruit trees and coconut palms towering above dense scrub, shrubs, and flowers. The soil is sandy and highly alkaline, and a deficiency in nitrogen, potash, and iron severely limits agricultural potential.

Vegetation in Maldives

Vegetation in an Uninhabited Island in Dhaalu Atoll, Maldives
Vegetation in an Uninhabited Island in Dhaalu Atoll, Maldives (courtesy: neobe)

The vegetation of Maldives differs in the inhabited and in the uninhabited islands. Inhabited islands have small groves of banana, papaya, drumstick, breadfruit trees, coconut palms and citrus trees. Uninhabited islands have mostly different kinds of bushes and coconut trees.

Wildlife in Maldives

Wildlife in Maldives is truly fantastic as one gets to see different kinds of animals, birds and insects over here. Fruit-bats are common in Maldives. They are active in the day and are huge.

One can also find numerous lizards in the country. Rats are common in the country. Domestic animals commonly found in the country include cats, chickens, goats and rabbits. Crabs are common here. Also there are different varieties of tropical fishes. Maldives is home to different kind of birds.